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MLA Works Cited

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Elements of a Citation

As you do your research, keep track of the books, articles, and other resources that you consult WHILE you are doing your research. This will save you time from having to recreate your research or later track down where you found your information as you prepare your Reference List. For each source keep a list of the following information:

For a Book -- Author, Book Title, Place of Publication, Publisher, and Date of Publication

For an Article -- Author, Article Title, Journal Title, Volume Number, Issue Number, Page Numbers, Year of Publication, and the date of when you viewed the article

For a Webpage -- Author, Web Page Title, the URL (website address), and the date of when you viewed the webpage


As you write your research paper, be sure to:

  • Take careful notes—always indicate if a passage is an exact quotation or your own summary
  • Practice—you should use your own words and your own writing style
  • Decide if the information is best Paraphrased, Summarized, or Quoted. 


         In-text citation example example of a quote where the author is already mentioned: 

Wordsworth stated that Romantic poetry was marked by a      "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (263). 

In-text citation example example of a quote: 

Romantic poetry is characterized by the "spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" (Wordsworth 263).

In-text citation example example of a summary or paraphrase where the author is already mentioned: 

Wordsworth extensively explored the role of emotion in the creative process (263).

Basic Format

The author’s name or a book with a single author's name appears in last name, first name format. The basic form for a book citation is:

                        Lastname, Firstname. Title of Book. City of Publication: Publisher, Year 

                    of Publication. 


                    Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York:          

                        Penguin, 1987.  

    Gillespie, Paula, and Neal Lerner. The Allyn and Bacon Guide. 

           to Peer Tutoring. Boston: Allyn, 2000.,r:7,s:0,i:171&tx=32&ty=87