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Attributive Tags

Attributive Tags: short phrases that indicate that an idea or quote in your writing comes from somewhere else. In other words, you "tag" ideas and other evidence to show that they should be attributed (credited) to outside sources.

  • They help you avoid being accused of plagiarism, since they ensure that you clearly indicate all paraphrased, summarized, and quoted material.
  • They help your reader understand when outside evidence starts and stops.
  • They help you establish the authority (ethos) of your evidence, since they cite the credentials of your source.

Credentials before quote, paraphrase, summary:

They are often verbs such as says, writes, claims, comments, notes, discusses
1. From this we can see . . . 

2. In other words . . . 

3. This means . . . 

4. According to . . . 

No Orphan Quotes!
Quotations which have been "dropped into" a paragraph with no in-text attribution are sometimes referred to as "orphan quotes," since they can often feel misplaced and unclearly related to the material around them. In general, avoid orphan quotes in your writing!


YouTube Video


YouTube Video


Additional Info on tags and/or citations: